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I take no offense, and I know that you are speaking from a genuine concern. Do let me clarify that I do not believe in the doctrine of total depravity, but rather in an inherit sin nature. The difference is that people have a natural inclination towards evil, rather than being completely incapable of good. As for the babies who died in the flood, there are two explanations that seem most likely to me. The first being that they were not punished for their actions, but rather for their nature. The second one, which I honestly hope is true but cannot say for certain, is that there is an age of accountability, and those below that age are not held responsible for their actions. If the first is true, then God is still the just judge. If the second one is true, then God would actually have saved the babies by bringing them to paradise in eternity and sparing them from the sins which they would have been raised in. To be entirely honest, I'm not sure exactly what to think about all of this. I must thank you for bringing this topic to my attention here, where I have time to think and search out sources. If I had been asked about this in a face-to-face scenario, I have absolutely no idea how I would have reacted (probably not very gracefully, to say the least). I intend to search out this matter more fully.
Of course he didn't write the Pentateuch (seeing as the Pentateuch was the Greek translation of the Torah made long after Moses's death), but there is good reason to believe that Moses wrote the Torah. The Torah itself cites Moses as its author (Exodus 17:14, Numbers 33:2). I must admit that this specific piece of evidence can be disputed if you want to argue that the real authors claimed the name of Moses to gain validity. However, that would not explain why the books of Joshua, 1 & 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Daniel, and Malachi all cite Moses as the author of the Torah.
The timeline of the Bible assumes that the flood story is older than it, seeing as Genesis was written by Moses.
I, too, find it to be repulsive, and that is the point: sin is repulsive. God is infinite; therefore, His standard is infinitely perfect, and any deviation from it is ultimately deserving of infinite punishment. I myself am painfully aware of my own sin and the punishment it deserves, which is why I give thanks that Jesus, the only One who could bear such a weight (because He Himself is also infinite), took upon Himself the wrath that should have been mine. As for abortion, there are many reasons it is wrong, but for the sake of this discussion I will start by focusing on one reason in particular: humanity belongs to God. In killing another human being, the killer makes the assumption that they have the authority or right to do so. This is essentially defiance, because it is an attempt to exert control over that which God has set aside for Himself. Now, at first glance such a statement may sound like an argument for anarchy or theocracy. Let me counter-balance that statement by saying that while everything belongs to God, He has chosen to entrust humanity with certain degrees of authority under Him. As such, parents are given authority over their children, and governments over their citizens. Such authority is still under God, and thus may only be wielded within the bounds established by God. Ownership is God's, and humanity is given stewardship.
As painful as it is, the point of the flood is to show the atrocity of sin. I myself don't like to think about it either, but the Christian worldview does in fact hold that all of humanity is inherently corrupt and deserving of death. God, being infinitely perfect, is the only one who can justly punish such sin (as shown when Jesus said "let whoever is among you who is without sin throw the first stone"). It is terrible, and I don't like it either. However, it does at least make sense for God to damn us all. What is amazing to me is that He would be willing to spare even a single human being, let alone any and all who confess that Christ is Lord and believe in their hearts that God raised Him from the dead.